1. Doctor (MBBS) - Doctors play a critical role towards maintaining health and fitness by diagnosing & treating illnesses or injuries of patients. As general physicians doctors examine patients; record medical histories; prescribe medications; analyze and interpret diagnostic tests. They may also counsel patients on preventive health care. In the field of medicine, one can specialize in across a wide range of domains and gain the relevant expertise to treat and help patients with specific problems.
2. Veterinary (B.V.Sc): A veterinarian is a medical professional, who provides animals with medical treatment. There are different types of veterinarians. Some work with small animals and some with large farm animals, or even wild animals. They diagnose animal diseases and treat sick and injured animals. They advise owners on proper care of their pets and livestock. They diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals.
3. Homeopathy (BHMS): Homeopathy is the branch of medicine that involves a system of practice that treats disease by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in larger amounts produce in healthy person’s symptoms similar to those of the disease.
4. Ayurveda (BAMS): An Ayurveda practitioner uses holistic techniques from India to help patients. The natural therapies are tailored to the needs of each individual to eliminate impurities, reduce stress and fight disease .The Treatment range from diet and lifestyle advice, massages, yoga and meditation to herbal supplements, counseling, or specialized therapies. Ayurveda practitioners assess diet habits, lifestyle, and mental states of the patient.
5. Optometry (B.Optom.): Optometry is a fast growing healthcare profession that is concerned with the eyes as well as vision & visual systems processing in humans. They specialized in treating & diagnosing visual problems and are trained to prescribe and fit lenses to improve vision. With increasing usage of technology and visual media, the demand for optometrists is expected to increase manifold in the coming years, making it a lucrative career option. You can work in shops/ organizations, hospitals or even work as a consultant.
5. Public Health Administration: Public Health Administrators is an area of administration which emphasis on health promotions and disease prevention. The job profile relates to management, leadership as well as administration of hospitals, health care & public health systems. They work with hospitals, government organizations and even not-for-profit organizations. You can opt for graduation in medical/ allied medicine field and then a degree in Masters in Public Health (MPH) is required.
7. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapist design some purposeful activity or interventions to promote health, prevent injury or disability. They work with clients on a one-to-one basis and they design treatment programmers to suit each person's needs and lifestyle. The work could include programs like teaching an older patient recovering from a stroke how to dress themselves, encouraging someone suffering with depression to take up a hobby or activity which they enjoyed earlier, helping clients adjust to permanent disabilities etc. Social service department, hospitals, special schools, etc. are some of the places where you can work.
8. Physiotherapy: Physiotherapist helps patient with physical problems caused by illness, injury or aging. They work at different locations from a hospital ward to private clinics. They even work with mental health patients. Your job is to rehabilitate ill and injured patients. Patients include children, the elderly, stroke patients and people with sports injuries.
9.Clinical Research: Clinical research scientists conduct research and investigations of diseases and conditions to determine accurate diagnoses and effective treatments. They work in a variety of employment settings, including hospitals, universities and pharmaceutical labs. You can choose the area of your specialization at master’s level.
10. Radiology: They diagnose and treat diseases, injuries etc. They use medical imaging techniques, such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and ultrasound.
11. Audiology: It is the science of hearing, balance and related disorders. Audiologists use advanced technology and procedures to diagnose and treat a patient's hearing and balance problems. Clinical audiologists work in a variety of settings. They can specialize in pediatrics, geriatrics, balance, cochlear implants, hearing aids, tinnitus and auditory processing, among other issues.
12. Botany: It is a branch of biology that involves the study of plants, their structure, processes, growths etc. Those in the field of Botany conduct research and observation to discover new species, study the interactions of plants with different organisms in their environment, genetic formation of plants etc.With a degree in Botany, you can work in landscape industries, natural resource centers, environmental consultancies, research, teacher/professor etc.
13. Zoology: This field involves the study of the animal kingdom. Zoologists analyze the structure, life processes, physiology, classification and interactions of different species in detail. With a degree in Zoology, you can find work as a researcher, animal breeder, wildlife rehabilitator, wildlife biologist, teacher/professor etc.
14. Microbiology: It is the study of microscopic organisms and their interactions with humans, animals, plants and other organisms in the environment.
15. Environmental Science: Environmental science is the study of the physical, chemical and biological environment components of the environment and their interactions. Environmental scientists investigate environmental issues, the effects of humans on environment, and how these effects can be dealt with. Environmental scientists are hired for research and other roles by various industries such as mines, water treatment plants, fertilizer plants, etc. and different government departments and agencies such as forestry, pollution control board, agriculture etc.
16. Genetics: It is a field involving the study of genes, genetic variations and heredity of living organisms. Professionals in this field study genetic diseases, anomalies, etc. Jobs related to genetics include immunologist, cytogenecist, forensic DNA analyst, medical technologist, geneticist, pharmacologist, clinical research associate, research scientist etc.
Biomedical Science: It is an applied science that combines different aspects of different disciplines to develop interventions, technology and knowledge in the domain of health care. Biomedical scientists work to study how cells, organs, and processes function in the human body, and thus their work is applied to the understanding and treatment of diseases. The knowledge and skills gained in this career allow you to work as a biomedical scientist, clinical researcher, forensic scientist, toxicologist and other healthcare professions. It is a relatively new yet fast expanding field in India.
18. Food and Agriculture: This is a wide domain consisting of various fields related to the understanding of biological and chemical processes that affect plants, dairy, and the production of food. It includes fields such as food science & technology, agronomy, horticulture, dairy technology, agricultural engineering etc. The career paths and opportunities for each of these careers are very vast.