The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons- 1) Kharif and 2) Rabi based on the monsoon. The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). The crops grown between March and June are summer crops.
Key Differences Between Kharif and Rabi Crops
The difference between kharif and rabi crops can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:
Kharif crops refer to the crops sown in South Asian countries with the beginning of the rainy season. On the other extreme, Rabi crops imply the crops that are grown when the rainy season is over and the winter season begins.
Kharif crops need a lot of water and hot weather to grow, whereas rabi crops require a warm weather for the germination of seeds and cold climate to grow.
At the time of growth, Kharif crops require warm wet weather and shorter length of day for flowering. On the contrary, for growing rabi crops cold and dry weather is required and longer day length for its flowering.
The sowing months of Kharif crops are June and July. Conversely, rabi crops are usually sown in October and November.
Kharif crops are harvested in September and October. Unlike, the best time to harvest Rabi crops is in March and April.